Companion Plants for Daffodils
by Diane Linsley
There's nothing like a garden full of daffodils to cheer up the winter-weary gardener. With enough varieties, your garden can be bursting with blooms
from late March to early May.
Daffodils look best planted in groups of five to twenty or more. Planting in patches looks more natural than planting in rows. Be sure to add some companion plants to bring out the best in your daffodil display.
It's hard to find flowers that bloom at the same time as daffodils. Here are the best ones I've found so far. I also added a list of bulb covers, which are annual flower seeds that are sown in spring or fall. These fast-growing anuals help to hide the dying daffodil foliage.
Best Companion Plants for Daffodils
Alyssum saxatile -- Spring-blooming perennial with bright yellow flowers. Great companion plant for late-blooming daffodils and tulips. Aubrieta deltoidea -- Purple flowers on spreading mounds of evergreen leaves. Excellent companion plant for daffodils and tulips of all colors.
Brunnera macrophyla -- Small sky-blue flowers on a shade-tolerant perennial.
Chionodoxa -- Minor bulb with blue, pink or white flowers. Nice companion plant for daffodils.
Euphorbia polychroma -- Neatly rounded mound of chartreuse-yellow flowers. Best with late-blooming daffoidils and tulips.
Dwarf Flowering Almond -- Spring-blooming shrub with pink flowers.
Grape Hyacinth (Muscari) -- Minor bulb with blue or white flowers.
Helleborus orientalis -- Early spring-blooming perennial. Shade-tolerant.
Leucojum aestivum 'Gravetye Giant' -- Minor bulb with nodding, white flowers.
Myosotis sylvatica -- Forget-me-not. Sky-blue flowers on a self-sowing biennial. One of the best companion plants for daffodils and tulips.
Phlox subulata -- Pink, white or blue flowers on a mat-forming perennial.
Pulsatilla vulgaris -- Violet-purple flowers that bloom with the daffodils. The flowers are followed by attractive seed heads.
Siberian Squill -- Minor bulb with nodding, blue flowers in early spring.
Tulips -- Early tulips bloom at the same time as late daffodils.
Viola -- Small flowers in a range of colors. Self-sowing, short-lived perennial.
Bulb Covers for Daffodils and Tulips
Alyssum -- Self-sowing annual with masses of white or purple flowers. Easy to grow from seed. Asperula orientalis -- Blue Woodruff. Self-sowing annual with fluffy, lavender-blue flowers in early summer. Shade tolerant. Calendula -- Cheerful orange, yellow or apricot flowers. Easy to grow from seed. Reseeds very well. Clarkia amoena -- Self-sowing wildflower with pink, red and white flowers. Excellent bulb cover for daffodils and tulips. Easy to grow from seed. Gilia tricolor -- Native wilflower. Delicate, lilac and white flowers with contrasting dark eyes. Chocolate fragrance. Malcolmia maritima -- Virginia Stock. Lightly fragrant, pink, purple and white flowers. Quick to bloom from seed. Nemophila maculata -- Five Spot. White flowers with purple-blue spots. Quick to bloom and easy to grow. Wonderful bulb cover for daffodils and tulips. Nemophila 'Penny Black' -- Compact plants with 1" violet-black flowers. Unique color. Blooms quickly from an early spring sowing. Nigella damascena -- Pink, blue or white flowers. Self-sowing annual. Easy to grow from seed. Pansy -- Shade-tolerant annual that blooms in cool weather in a wide range of colors. Easy to grow from seed. Phlox drummondii -- Native wildflower. Pink, red, rose, magenta and white flowers. Easy to grow from seed.